Pitigliano, Province of Grosseto, Tuscany, Italy
In 1293 it passed to the Orsini family, which started a hundred and fifty years of wars with Siena, at the end of which, in 1455, a compromise of sorts was reached, by which Siena acknowledged that Pitigliano was a county and Pitigliano accepted the sovereignty of Siena. In 1562 the town was included in the Grand Dukedom of Tuscany, then in 1860 entered the Kingdom of Italy.
What to see
- Etruscan remains, known as the tagliate, a series of artificial cuts, wide enough for one or two pedestrians, cut into the tufa rock to varying depths ranging from a few feet to over 10 meters, radiating outward from the base of the rock of Pitigliano, down to the rivers then back to the top of the plateau. The purpose of the cuts is not known: the three main theories are that they were roads, quarries, or water conveyance schemes; A few very brief Etruscan inscriptions are said to have been found on the walls of the cuts, but are ill documented.
- The beautiful Synagogue (1598, with furnishings of the 17th and 18th centuries) which remains officiated from time to time, and was very well restored in 1995.
- The Tempietto, a curious small cave, probably of natural origin, but worked by man in different periods, a few hundred meters outside the central district, dated to Late Antiquity or the early Middle Ages.