Castiglione della Pescaia, Province of Grosseto, Tuscany, Italy
In the 13th century, Castiglione became an independent comune. Meanwhile, the river Ombrone had started silting up Lake Prile, which soon became a lagoon, where malaria mosquitoes took hold, weakening the population of Castiglione. The town became part of the Grand Dukedom of Tuscany under the dynasty of Lorraine, who started a series of projects that drained the swamps, increasing the amount of arable land, as well as killing off the malaria carrying mosquitoes.
What to see
- The ruins of Vetulonia, one of the leading Etruscan cities.
- The Regional Reservation of Diaccia Botrona, a protected area with noteworthy natural landscapes.