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Troia, Province of Foggia, Puglia, Italy

troia coatofarms Situated on a mountain crest in a domineering position over the whole Tavoliere plateau, the town rises on the spot of an ancient roman town with the name of Aecae, at the junction of the via Traiana with the road to Sipaonto

On the place the Byzantine established a settlement, and its multifaceted cultural background can be seen in the Cathedral, which was Byzantine, Romanesque and Moslem elements. The town has a wealth of architectural and artistic treasures that make it one of the most interesting medieval boroufghs in Southern Italy. The economy is based on agriculture, especially on the cultivation of wheat and grapes - renowned throughout Italy as the "uva di Troia", and the production of oil and wine.
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Altitude: 439 mt a.s.l -- Population: ca. 8,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 71029 -- Phone Area Code: 0881 -- Patron Saint:SS. Anastasio, Eleuterio, Ponziano, Secondino, Urbano I 19 July

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Province of Foggia

History

Troy is an ancient town whose legendary origins go back to the 10th century BC, when - according to Roman historian Servius - the mythical Greek hero Diomedes returning from Troy in Asia Minor stopped in southern Italy and founded Aequum Tuticum (near Ariano Irpino), Maleventum (present Benevento) and Troia.

Under the Romans the town was called Aecae and had strong ties with nearby Herdoniae (Ordona), Ausculum (Ascoli Satriano), Arpi (Foggia), Teanum Apulum (San Paolo di Civitate). For long centuries was probably abandoned, then in 1010 a medieval settlement rose on the ruins of the ancient town. The Byzanthines turned it into a fortress against the Saracens.

In 1093 Urbano II held a Council in Troia - and two more were held in 1115 by Pope Pascalis II and in 1120 by Pope Callistus II. In 1066 the Trojani made an alliance with the Normans, proclaiming Robert I Guiscardo (1015-1087) as "Holy Count of Troia", and Robert built here his castle and made the town the capital of his dukedom - later changed into kingdom. In 1133 it was destroyed by Roger II of Altavilla, then rebuilt, then sieged again in 1230 by Swabian Emperor Frederick II, who banished the inhabitants for 7 generations, but in 1266 Guido Monforte anuuled the banishment and the town was repopulated.

In 1423 the fiefdom was given to Muzio Attendolo Sforza, who became Count of Troia and his descendants kept the title until 1442 when the town was conquered by Alphonse of Aragona. In 1503 Ettore de' Pazzis from Troia was one of the 13 knights in the Barletta challenge. In 1533 it was purchased by the D'Avalos marquis. For many centuries the town was also an important bishopry, until the final suppression in 1986 of the bishop see, joined to Lucera.

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