Troia, Province of Foggia, Puglia, Italy
What to see
Under the Romans the town was called Aecae and had strong ties with nearby Herdoniae (Ordona), Ausculum (Ascoli Satriano), Arpi (Foggia), Teanum Apulum (San Paolo di Civitate). For long centuries was probably abandoned, then in 1010 a medieval settlement rose on the ruins of the ancient town. The Byzanthines turned it into a fortress against the Saracens.
In 1093 Urbano II held a Council in Troia - and two more were held in 1115 by Pope Pascalis II and in 1120 by Pope Callistus II. In 1066 the Trojani made an alliance with the Normans, proclaiming Robert I Guiscardo (1015-1087) as "Holy Count of Troia", and Robert built here his castle and made the town the capital of his dukedom - later changed into kingdom. In 1133 it was destroyed by Roger II of Altavilla, then rebuilt, then sieged again in 1230 by Swabian Emperor Frederick II, who banished the inhabitants for 7 generations, but in 1266 Guido Monforte anuuled the banishment and the town was repopulated.
In 1423 the fiefdom was given to Muzio Attendolo Sforza, who became Count of Troia and his descendants kept the title until 1442 when the town was conquered by Alphonse of Aragona. In 1503 Ettore de' Pazzis from Troia was one of the 13 knights in the Barletta challenge. In 1533 it was purchased by the D'Avalos marquis. For many centuries the town was also an important bishopry, until the final suppression in 1986 of the bishop see, joined to Lucera.