Anzano di Puglia, Province of Foggia, Puglia, Italy
In 1343 it was a "casale" of the Barony of Vico and Flumeri. In the mid-15th century the war between the Aragonese and Angevins brought about the destruction of the Barony of Accadia, and perhaps even Casaleandra and Anzano. In fact, in 1462 Ferrante of Aragon, King of Naples, defeated John of Anjou, and during the 19 days when he kept Accadia under siege, almost certainly also Anzano was destroyed. In 1487 Anzano was officially uninhabited, and its territory merged with that of Trevico (AV). The real reasons for the depopulation are unknown, but probably the causes were both natural disasters such as earthquakes and plague, and human actions such as war and looting.
According to local historian Michael Auciello, the depopulation of Anzano was due to the fact that the inhabitants, to escape robberies, moved to safer places, as Trevico and Sant'Agata, which were protected by defense walls. In the early 1700's people returned to Anzano with "haystacks" (animal shelters), and stone farms, the "masserie", still in use until the middle of the 20th century.
In 1799, during the Neapolitan Revolution, Anzano asked for autonomy from Trevico because of the excessive distance (9 miles) and the lack of connections. Anzano as an independent municipality was officially founded on January 1, 1810, as part of the province of Principato Ultra (Avellino), then ir was included in the Capitanata (Foggia) province in 1812; in 1862 it went again to the province of Avellino, with the name of Anzano Irpina and finally in 1931 returned to the province of Foggia, with the name of Anzano di Puglia.