Brindisi, Province of Brindisi, Puglia, Italy
After the Punic Wars it became the chief point of embarkation for Greece and the East, via Dyrrachium or Corcyra. In the Social War it received Roman citizenship, and was made a free port by Marius Sulla. It suffered, however, from a siege conducted by Caesar in 49 BC and was again attacked in 42 and 40 BC. Virgil died here (19 BC) on his return from Greece. At the time of the Roman empire it had 100,000 inhabitants.
Trajan constructed the Via Trajana, a more direct route from Beneventum to Brundisium. The remains of ancient buildings are unimportant, though a considerable number of antiquities, especially inscriptions, have been discovered here: one column 62 ft. in height, with an ornate capital, still stands, and near it is the base of another, the column itself having been removed to Lecce. They are said to have marked the termination of the Via Appia.