Altamura, Province of Bari, Puglia, Italy
Situated along the Bari-Matera highway, it was the Capital of the ancient Peucetii, then it was destroyed by the Saracens in the 10th century, and was later refounded by Frederick II in mid-13th century also with populations of Greek an Jewish stock from nearby villages.
Altitude: 467 a.s.l -- Population: ca. 68,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 70022 -- Phone Area Code: 080 -- Patron Saint: St. Irene celebrated on May 5th -- Frazioni & Località: Fornello, Masseria Franchini, Stazione Casal Sabini
The area of Altamura was already populated in the Bronze Age as shown by archeological findings in La Croce settlement. The old name was Altilia, from Alter Ilium, meaning "other Troy", since according to the legend it was founded by a friend of Aeneas, Antellus. The city grew in importance under Emperor Frederick II. Altamura was ruled by a number of feudal families, such as the Orsini del Balzo and the Farnese. In 1748 Charles VII established a University. The emblem of Altamura is in the form of a horseshoe, with four quarters in red and white, with the motto "Federicus me reparavit" (=Frederick refounded me).
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