Nordic Combined, XX Winter Olympic Games Torino 2006
The sport was included at the 1924 Winter Olympics, in the town of Chamonix and has been on the programme ever since. World Championships have been held since 1925. In 1998 a team competition was added to the Nordic Combined calendar.
Traditionally, Norway has always delivered top athletes in the sport, but Finland, Germany, Austria and Japan are also among the top nations in the speciality.
The equipment used for this discipline is the same as that used in the individual specialties and also training time must be divided
between the two of cross-country and ski-jumping.
RULES OF NORDIC COMBINED
Equipment: There is currently no women's competition in the Olympic games.
Until the 1960s, the cross-country race was held first, followed by the ski jumping. This was reversed as the difference in the cross-country race tended to be too big to overcome in ski jumping.
- the individual race, also known as Individual Gundersen, which includes two jumps and 15 km cross country skiing, with points scored in ski jumping for distance (2 points per meter) and style (between 3 and 30 per jump). Then in the cross-country race, 15 points difference in the ski jump equal one minute. The racers with most ski jumping points will start first, followed by the next best jumper after as much time as there was difference in their jumping scores. This means that the first skier to cross the finish line is also the winner of the event.
- The sprint event is basically the same, but only one jump is performed, and the cross-country distance is 7.5 km.
- In the mass start event, the cross country race is held first. The winner of that event receives 120 points, the others get 15 points subtracted for each minute behind the leader. In the ski jump, no style points are awarded, although jumpers receive fewer points for falling or failing to make a Telemark landing.
- The team event is similar to the individual event, but contested by teams of four athletes. Each takes 2 jumps from the ski jump hill, with all jumps counting towards the team total. Forty points difference equals a one minute advantage in the second event, the 4 x 5 m cross-country relay.
There are currently four kinds of Nordic combined events: