Torino (Turin), Province of Torino, Piedmont, Italy
Other Italian Regions
- Area: 130 sq km
- Altitude: 239 m a.s.l
- Population: about 870,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 10100, but see the zip codes for specific addresses in Turin
- Phone Area Code: 011
- Patron Saint: St John the Baptist, celebrated on 24 June
- Frazioni & Localities:
- GPS Coordinates: 45°4' N 7°42'E
- Official website of the Comune of Torino.
- I: Centro, Crocetta;
- II: Mirafiori Nord, Santa Rita;
- III: Borgata Lesna, Borgo San Paolo, Cenisia, Cit Turin, Pozzo Strada;
- IV: Campidoglio, Parella, San Donato;
- V: Borgata Vittoria, Lucento, Madonna di Campagna, Vallette;
- VI: Barca, Barriera di Milano, Bertolla, Falchera, Rebaudengo, Regio Parco, Villaretto;
- VII: Aurora, Madonna del Pilone, Sassi, Vanchiglia;
- VIII: Borgo Po, Cavoretto, San Salvario;
- IX: Filadelfia, Lingotto, Nizza Millefonti;
- X: Mirafiori Sud
What to see
- The Museo delle Antichità Egizie (Aegyptian Museum), the second in the world in its sector after the Cairo Museum;
- The 19th-century Mole Antonelliana, 167.5 meters high, a symbol of the city, built by architect Alessandro Antonelli, which today hosts the National Cinema Museum of Italy;
- The Residences of the Savoy: the Royal Palace, official residence until 1865; Palazzo Madama; Casaforte Acaja, built by the Romans as a garrison on the river Po, first a defensive system, then the seat of government until the 16th century; the Juvarra Hunting Lodge in the Stupinigi park; the castle of Rivoli; and other buildings, castles and stately homes in the city center and surrounding localities, now included among the UNESCO World Heritage sites;
- The Porte Palatine in Piazza Cesare Augusto, an important relic of the Roman period;
- The Church of the Consolata, with the bell tower of St. Andrew from the Romanesque period;
- The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist which houses the Holy Shroud, preserved here since 1578;
- The Parco del Valentino, a national park located along the banks of the Po, with an area of 421,000 sqm, which houses also a Medieval Village, a, reconstruction of Piedmontese medieval life begun in 1884;
- The Basilica of Superga, on the hill overlooking the city.
- The Lingotto building, once the largest car factory in the world, transformed today into a convention centre, concert hall, art gallery and shopping centre.
History: The Middle Ages
History: from the Renaissance
From 1821 to 1848 it was central in the Italian independence movement of the Risorgimento, and in 1861 was proclaimed capital of the Kingdom of Italy; the capital was then moved to Florence in 1864, and to Rome in 1870.Among the leaders in Italian industrialization, Torino was the seat of the earliest Italian automotive industries - the Spa, Italy, Lancia, Fiat -, followed by textile and mechanic factories. Since then Torino has achieved prosperity and progress in industry, commerce and culture.
In the 2001 census, Turin was the fourth largest city in Italy, with a large proportion of people with southern-Italian background as a consequence of the mass immigration of the second half of the twentieth century, and a significant presence of immigrants from abroad.