Rivoli, Province of Torino, Piedmont, Italy
Other Italian Regions
- Altitude: 390 m a.s.l
- Population: about 50,000 inhabitants
- Zip/postal code: 10098
- Phone Area Code: 011
- Patron Saint: Madonna della Stella, celebrated on the 3rd Monday in September
- Frazioni & Localities: Bruere, Cascine Vica, Tetti Neirotti
After the fall of the Roman Empire, in 568 there was a Languebard settlement, though the main agricultural structure was largely preserved. In 726 the abbey of Novalesa was founded, and in 773 the Franks defeated the Languebards and assigned Rivoli to the Arduinici family, who soon entered a long conflict with the bishops of Turin, until in 996 bishop Amizone obtained the control of Rivoli.
In 1247 the center came under the control of the Savoy family, who surrounded the town with walls and developed the surrounding countryside with farming, cereals and vineyards, which were greatly helped by the excavation of the canal called Bealera di Rivoli in 1310. Amedeo VI Savoy (1334-1383), called the "Green Count", stayed for long periods in the castle of Rivoli. In the following centuries a number of disasters hit the town: invasion of the French armies, two plagues in 1563 and 1629, the battles of the years 1690-96 of the Spanish War of Succession.
In the 18th century Rivoli was directly connected to Turin with the construction of the Via di Francia, and in 1871 a railway track, the Ferrovia Economica Colli, was established. In the 20th century there was a massive increase in the population also with great number of immigrants from other Italian regions.
What to see
- The old medieval center, with the 14th century Casa del Conte Verde with a red brick facade and the ancient townhall.
- The castle of Rivoli, originally built in the 11th century them in the 16th transformed by the Savoy into majestic countryside residence. Famous architects worked to the project, among the Francesco Paciotto, Ascanio Vitozzi, Carlo and Amedeo Castellamonte. In recent times the castle was renovated again and presently hosts the Museo dell'Arte Contemporanea.