Carlo Emanuele I, Savoy Duke, was the maternal grandfather of Gonzaga's daughter, and decided to defend his righets to the Monferrato. In June 1613, Carlo Gonzaga, duke of Nevers crossed with a regiment the Belbo river and sieged the town. Though with a very small military garrison, the town resisted thanks to the courageous resistance of the population. The Savoy Duke rewarded the town with a 30-year tax exemption.
Canelli, Province of Asti, Piedmont, Italy
The little town is situated at the entrance of Langhe hills, along the left bank of the Belbo stream. The territory is covered in vineyards and a centre of production of the Asti Spumante, the slightly sweet, bubbly white wine, which is a symbol of Cannelli and also of the whole province of Asti. The wine production industry is striclty connected to the local economy and history. The city of Canelli is divided in two areas: the lower part in the valley, called "Borgo" and the upper part, called "Villanuova".
Population: about 10,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 14053 -- Phone Area Code: 0141
There was a settlement in the area during the Roman period, as shown by archaeological findings. During the Middle Ages a castle was built to defend the strategically important roads leading to the harbours of Savona and Vado. AMong the most celebrated events in the history of the place was the Siege of 1613. In 1612 Francesco Gonzaga, duke of Mantua and with succession rights to the Monferrato area (where Canelli is situated) died giving origin to a succession war.
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