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Tufara, Province of Campobasso, Molise

Province of Campobasso
The territory, mainly hilly, is covered by woods, cereal fields and olive plantations. The historical center rises on a large tufa rock (from which the toponym) and is dominated by the Longobard castle and the bell tower of the parish church.

Provinces of Molise

Info

  • Altitude: 418 m a.s.l
  • Territory: hilly
  • Population: about 1000 inhabitants
  • Zip/postal code: 86010
  • Phone Area Code: 0874
  • Patron Saint: S. Giovanni Eremita on 28 August.

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What to see

  • The Lombard Castle, with a square plan, which in the centuries following the earliest construction took the form of a bean.
  • Church of Santi Pietro e Paolo, built in 1170 and restored during the 18th century. The style is Romanesque, with sextiacute portals. The interior has three naves, decorated in Baroque style, and preserves a 17th-century painting of the Madonna with Child, and a chapel dedicated to San Giovanni from Tufara.

Events

  • There is a very deep worship among the population of San Giovanni Eremita, celebrated on 28 August and on 12 and 14 November: on these days the women collect "blessed" water from a fountain and use it to make a dough from which they form "panelle" believed to act as a protection against evil and disease.

History

Archeological remains going back to the 1st century BC point to a very ancient origin, and the place probably refers to "tuff" one of the main geological features of the area.

In the Middle Ages Tufara was a fortress of the Lombards, as shown by the ruins of the castle; the first lords recorded were the Marzano until 1299, followed by the Gambatesa, Carafa and Pignatelli families. Until 1807 the village belonged to the Province of Capitanata.

Because of its location in the Fortore valley along the itinerary from the mountains of Abruzzo and Molise to the plains of Apulia, Tufara was always dependent on the transhumance economy prevalent in Abruzzo and Molise up to very recent times.