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Trivento, Province of Campobasso, Molise

Province of Campobasso
One of the largest towns in Molise, Trivento rises on a rocky spur dominating the surrounding plains and hills, and from its Belvedere it is possible to enjoy a magnificent view, going from the Southern coast of Abruzzo down to the Gargano and Tremiti islands. The high, more ancient part of the town is connected to the more modern, recent quarters in the plain through stairways consisting of 365 steps.

Provinces of Molise

Info

  • Altitude: 600 m a.s.l
  • Territory: mountainous
  • Population: about 4600 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 86024
  • Phone Area Code: 0874
  • Patron Saint: San Nazario on 28 July
  • Frazioni & Localities: Colle Florio, Fonte Del Cerro, Macchiarelli, Marasa, Masserie Griguoli, Masserie Mastroiacovo, Montagna, Monte Piano, Morgia Campanaro, Penna, Piscinelli, Pontoni, Querciapiana, Rio, San Leonardo, Santaniello, Sant'Antonio, Tre Valloni, Uomomorto, Vivara.

History - Antiquity and the Middle Ages

An inscription in a Roman stone found in the cathedral crypt showed that the ancient name was "Terventi". An important center of the Samnites, it was destroyed during the wars of the latter against Rome, and the Romans repopulated it moving here the Voltinia tribe.

Under the Normans the fiefdom of Trivento belonged to the COunts of Molise until 1268, then Charles I Anjou gave it to Ansaldo de Lavanderia, who was followed by Amerigo De Sus. Other feudal lords followed, among them the D'Evoli and Caldora family, to finish with the Caracciolo.

History - Modern Times

In the last decades there has been in the surrounding countryside, with over 50 farms now, an impressive growth of biological agriculture (farro, olives, cereals), which has a great future in Molise whose soil is almost unexploited due to the very low population density, and unpolluted, thanks to the lack of industrial developments.

What to see

  • The Cathedral of SS. Nazario, Celso and Vittore, with a baptismal fountain of the 4th century AD and a crypt to San Casto Martyr. The Christian church was built, as shown by re-used Roman stones and column capitals, on a pagan altar possibly dedicated to goddess Diana. Then in early Christian times a crypt was built on the spot in honor of San Casto, the first bishop of Trivento who started to convert to Christianity the local Samnite populations. Most of the architecture is typical of the Romanesque
  • Palazzo Colaneri near the cathedral, a typical Renaissance mansion.