Termoli, Province of Campobasso, Molise
Provinces of Molise
Other Italian Regions
- Altitude: 21 m a.s.l
- Territory: hilly, coastline
- Population: about 33,000 inhabitants in 2018
- Zip/postal code: 86039
- Phone Area Code: 0875
- Patron Saint: San Basso, celebrated on 3-4-5 August
- Frazioni & Localities: Airino, Litorale Nord, Mucchietti, Porticone, Rio Vivo, Santa Maria degli Angeli (Difesa Grande), Santa Maria Valentino.
Another etymology derives the name from "thermae", which suggests there might have been Roman spas in the area, which however have not been found so far.
History - the Middle Ages
In the early 13th century the feudal lord was Duke Bartolomeo di Capua, followed by the son of king Robert of Anjou. For centuries Termoli often attacked by Saracens pirates and by the Venetians. In the 15th century the fiefdom passed to Carlo di Gambatesa, who was followed by the Di Capua-D'Altavilla family, who kept the title until 1806.
History - Modern Times
For centuries mainly a fishing port, in the 1950s a Fiat automobile factory started a remarkable industrial development, and there is presently also a University for Tourism.
Where to stay
What to see
- The Cathedral of San Basso, 13th century, containing the relics of San Basso, bishop of Nice, who was a martyr, according to the tradition, in Provence, on 5 December 250 AD. The saint's relics were brought to Termoli probably around the 10th century AD, and buried under the church, then somehow the place of the burial was lost for centuries, until in 1761 during restoration works the ancient marble urn was found again. The cathedral hosts also the relics of St. Timoteo, the disciple of St. Paul, that were probably brought to the Cathedral of Termoli at the time of the Crusades.
- The massive Swabian Castle, 12th century, that from its privileged position controlled the Adriatic and hosted a military garrison to protect the population from the attacks of Saracen pirates and Venetian merchants.