Senigallia, Province of Ancona, Marche region, Italy
Ancient and Medieval History
A revival started under Pope Gregory XI, who gave Cardinal Egidio Albornoz the task of restoring the authority of the papacy also in the Marche region; the cardinal started works on the marsh and the fortress. A further improvement took place in the early 15th century under Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, who reconstructed the city walls including in their perimeter the Albornoz fortress; he also promised tax exemptions to whoever would settle in the new city, welcomed a Jewish community and established the Maddalena Fair, a free marketplace where no customs duties were to be paid which attracted traders from all over the Mediterranean.
Contrasts with Pope Sistus IV, however, brought about the fall of Sigismondo, and in 1474 the Pope gave the Dukedom of Senigallia to his own nephew, Giovanni della Rovere, who would later marry the daughter of the Montefeltro Duke; their son Francesco Maria della Rovere was adopted by Guidobaldo, the last member of the Montefeltro Dukes, joining the two families.