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Bolsena, Province of Viterbo, Lazio Region, Italy

The name comes from the ancient Roman town "Volsinii".

The present town is divided into an old, medieval borough along a hill descending to the lake, and a newer part, agricultural and rich of tourist facilities, along the Bolsena lake. The lake, the fifth in Italy and the largest of the volcanic lakes, is 14 km long and 12 km wide, and reaches the considerable depth of 146 mt.

What to see:

History

It was founded as Volsinii in 264 BC when Rome relocated the Etruscan survivors of defeated Velzna (today's Orvieto). Archeological excavations performed by the École Française brought to light traces of a circle of walls (6 km) in tuff blocks of the 3rd century BC and two small temples at Poggio Casetta and at Pozzarello of the same period.

Under the Romans Volsinii became an important centre strengthened along the Via Cassia. Bolsena is famous for a miracle in 1263, when a Bohemian priest doubting in the real presence of Christ's flesh and blood in the consecrated host, saw blood dropping from the host and staining the Mass linen cloth (=called corporal), which is now preserved in the Orvieto Cathedral. On that occasion the Corpus Domini festivity was established.

Info

Altitude: 350 m a.s.l -- Population: about 5000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 01023 -- Phone Area Code: 0761 -- Patron Saint: Santa Cristina di Bolsena celebrated on 24 July

Events

Accommodation in Bolsena

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