Udine, Province of Udine, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Italy
Udine (Friulian Udin, Slovene Videm) is the capital of the region of Friuli, between the Adriatic sea and the Alps (Alpi Carniche), less than 40 km far from the Slovenian border.
Udine has a lively cultural life, with a university, a theater, and important festivals including the wine-and-food September festival called Friuli D.O.C., and the main European festival of East Asian cinema, the Far East Film Festival, in April.
Altitude: 113 m a.s.l -- Population: about 99,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 56100 -- Phone Area Code: 0432 -- Patron Saint: Saints Ermacoras and Fortunatus celebrated on July 12
The city of Udine is presently divided into 7 Circoscrizioni (municipal entities), which unify the traditional boroughs and hamlets:
- 1. Udine centro, including the historical centre;
- 2. Rizzi-San Domenico-Cormor-San Rocco, the north-west and western areas, including: Viale Venezia - S. Rocco, Cormor, Centro Studi, San Domenico, Villaggio del Sole, Rizzi-Università-Stadio;
- 3. Laipacco-San Gottardo, the eastern areas, including: San Gottardo, Riccardo Di Giusto - Via Cividale, Via del Bon-Laipacco;
- 4. Udine Sud, the southern area, including: Stazione FS, Viale Palmanova-Baldasseria, Gervasutta-Partidor;
- 5. Cussignacco, including: Cussignacco-Paparotti;
- 6. San Paolo-Sant'Osvaldo, the south-west area, including: Sant'Osvaldo- Via Pozzuolo- Via Lumignacco;
- 7. Chiavris-Paderno, the northern area, including: Ospedale, Chiavris, Paderno, Viale Vat, Parco Nord-Molin Nuovo, Godia, Beivars.
The historical starting point for a route over the Saifnitz or Pontebba Pass to Villach by way of Pontebba and Tarvisio, it lay on the Roman road Via Julia Augusta, but there is no sign of Roman occupation. Founded in 983, after the decadence of Aquileia (one of the most important cities of the Roman Empire) and Forum Julii, Udine became important for commerce, and was for 4 centuries capital of the Patriarcato of Aquileia.
In 1420 Udine became part of Venetian territory until 1797, when Napoleone yielded the republic to Austria with the Treaty of Campoformio. Udine was annexed to the Reign of Italy in 1866 after the Third War of Italian Independence.
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