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Gorizia, Province of Gorizia, Friuli Venezia Giulia Region, Italy

Gorizia (Slovenian Gorica, German Görz, Friulian Gurize) is a small town at the foot of the Alps on the border with Slovenia. It is the capital of Gorizia province, and is a local center of tourism, industry, and commerce.

Province of Gorizia

Info

Altitude: 84 m a.s.l -- Population: about 35,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 34170 -- Phone Area Code: 0481 -- Patron Saint: St. Ilario celebrated on 16th March; St. Taziano -- Frazioni & Localities: Campagnuzza, Castello, Centro, Gradiscutta, Lucinico, Madonnina del Fante, Montesanto-Piazzutta, Piedimonte del Calvario, Piuma, Oslavia, San Mauro, Sant'Andrea, San Rocco - Sant'Anna, Straccis, Vallone dell'Acqua

History

Originally a watchtower near the fords of the river Isonzo, not far from one of the most important ways that during the Roman period linked Aquileia to Emona (Lubiana), the town was a small village in Roman times. The name of Gorizia was for the first time recorded in a document dated April 28th 1001 "quae sclavonica lingua vocatur Goritia" stating the donation of the Castle and the village of Gorizia made by Imperator Ottone III to Patriarch Giovanni II and to Count Verihen.

The castle of Gorizia Since the 11th century the town had two different development plans: the higher citadel or superior land and the village or inferior land. The first played a political-administrative role and the second a rural-commercial role. In the 16th century the area passed under Austria and the city spread out at the foot of the castle becoming, in the middle of the 18th century, an archiepiscopal see with jurisdiction over the diocesis of Trieste, Trento, Como and Pedena.

Around the baroque cathedral where many treasures of the Basilica of Aquileia had been transferred, a new quarter developed; it had a typically 18th century appearance and inside there was also a synagogue, one of the many examples of the town's multi-ethnic nature. Gorizia was seriously damaged by both World Wars but after the second it suffered for the reduction of its territory and for the division of the city by the Italian - Slovenian border.

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