Liveri, Province of Napoli, Campania
About 38 km from Naples, Liveri is located in the countryside near the larger city of Nola, at the foot of the hills of the Lauro Valley to the west, bordering the province of Avellino and sheltered by the Sant'Angelo mountain.
It is an important religious destination for the sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin Mary, and has been known as the "borgo della luce" (=village of light) for the age-old production of wax and candles.
Provinces of Campania
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- Altitude: 90 m a.s.l
- Population: about 1600 inhabitants in 2017
- Zip/postal code: 80030
- Phone Area Code: 081
- Patron Saint: San Giorgio, celebrated on 23 April.
History - Antiquity
The origins of Liveri are uncertain; according to some sources, the settlement dates back to the 3rd century BC, when the Romans were fighting against the Carthaginians led by Hannibal, who, during the siege of the rich town of Nola, settled camps at the foot of the hill where Liveri rises now - and where as a matter of fact there is a plateau called "camp of Hannibal". According to other sources, however, the town rose when the people of Nola moved into the countryside outside the walls to escape the raids of the Visigoths led by Alaric.
From the Renaissance onwards
In 1514 various apparitions were recorded of the Virgin Mary to Autilia Scala, a young shepherdess of the place; the Santuary of Santa Maria a Parete was built in the same century and adorned by the patrician Girolamo Barone between 1603 and 1607. In 1600 it was a "casale" of Nola, a fief of the Mastrilli family and later the Barone family.
On the night of January 29, 1989, an arson fire destroyed part of the Sanctuary, and important 16th-century paintings were lost.
What to see
- The Santuary of Santa Maria a Parete, with the chapel of the Virgin Mary frescoed by Belisarius Corenzio, left intact in the fire of 1989.