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Monteforte Irpino, Province of Avellino, Campania

Province of Avellino
Located in a landscape of woods and mountains, this delightful town is an ideal starting point for excursions to the nearby Mount Esca and the hill of Saint Martin. Monteforte and its castle were centre of the medieval history of Irpinia. It was the birthplace of Niccolò of Monteforte, a famous woodcarving artist of the 14th century.

Provinces of Campania

Info

  • Altitude: 502 m a.s.l
  • Territory: mountainous
  • Population: about 11,900 inhabitants in 2017
  • Zip/postal code: 83024
  • Phone Area Code: 0825
  • Demonym: montefortesi
  • Patron Saint: san Martino celebrated on 11 November
  • Frazioni & Localities: Alvanella, Campi, Fenestrelle, Gaudi, Irpino, Molinelle.

History

There are mentions of this center since 979 AD. During the Anjou period it was owned by the Montfort family. Guido de Montfort lived in this beautiful place, but in 1270 he killed at Viterbo, in the Chiesa del Gesù, Henry, son of king Richard of England. Therefore king Charles of Anjou confiscated all the Montfort possessions and gave them to the Orsini family, the last earls of Nola, who also lost everything after their rebellion to Charles V.

In 1799 the French used Monteforte as their headquartes for the wars against Mercogliano and Avellino. During the 19th century it was a center of the Carbonari Movement of Nola against the Bourbons.