Melfi, Province of Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
Population: ca. 16,000 inhabitants -- Zip/postal code: 85025 -- Phone Area Code: 0972
Frazioni: Foggiano, Foggianello, San Giorgio, Leonessa, San Nicola
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The town was conquered by the Swabians in 1196. Emperor Frederick II ordered a reconstruction and in 1221 there was a 6th Council in Melfi, with the presence also of the emperor. In 1230 Frederick encharged his councilor Pier Delle Vigne to prepare new laws, which came to be known as the "Costitutiones Melphitane" and were the most complete law treaties of the Middle Ages. In 1266 Melfi was occupied by the Angevins after Manfred, the emperor's son, was defeated in Benevento.
In 1333 the town lost its independence and became a feudal possession of Nicoḷ Acciaiuoli, then had other feudal lords, among them Marziano di Ascoli, in 1418 Giovanni Caracciolo, prince Filibert of Orleans, then was donated by Charles V in the 16th century to Andrea Doria, whose heirs kept it until the abolition of the feudal system in 1806. The Doria family then donated the castle to the Superintendence to the Arts of Bari after WW2.