Maratea, Province of Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
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An ancient settlement was found also along the coast at "Santavenere", where items and documents show the presence of a temple to goddess Venus. It is therefore possible that both Santavenere and Castello joined in one center. In Roman times the small isle of Santo Janni was used to produce the "garum", a fish-based salty sauce in great demand in Rome, used to flavour dishes; on the sea bottom around the island naby anchors have been found, and on the island there are still the stone basins used to produce the garum.
In the Middle Ages the population most probably moved to live to the Castello, for a better defense. The fortress at top, originally a military garrison, was enlarged to include within its walls most of the houses of the town; two main doors were opened in the walls: Porta Santa Maria, the main entrance, and the Porta dei Carpini leading through steep paths to the hinterland where the orchards and farming lands were situated. Under the Anjou Maratea enjoyed many privileges and was granted an independence from the feudal lords.