Genova (Genoa), Province of Genova, Liguria, Italy

The capital of its province and of the Liguria region, the city is an important seaport in northern Italy.

It is the first Italian commercial port, with also two passenger docks, Ponte dei Mille and Ponte Andrea Doria, and the second port in the Mediterranean after Marseille, France. Its name is probably Ligurian, meaning "knee", i.e. "angle", from its geographical position. Alternatively, the name has been claimed to derive from Latin Janua ("gate"), the two-headed god Janus.

Genoa was the birthplace of Christopher Columbus (although his birthplace is disputed between Italy and France), admiral Andrea Doria, violinist Niccolò Paganini and Italian patriot Giuseppe Mazzini.


Area: 243 km² -- Altitude: 19 m a.s.l -- Population: ca. 600,000 inhabitants -- Density: 2.512 inhabitants per km² -- Zip/postal code: 16100 -- Phone Area Code: 010 -- Patron Saint: San Giovanni Battista celebrated on 24 June -- Frazioni & Località: -- Official website: Comune di Genova

Municipii of Genoa

Administrative Divisions

History - Antiquity

"Genua" was a city of the ancient Ligurians, and its history goes back to ancient times. A city cemetery, dating from the 6th and 5th centuries B.C., testifies to the occupation of the site by the Greeks, but the fine harbour probably was in use much earlier. Destroyed by the Carthaginians in 209 BC, the town was rebuilt by the Romans, who used it as a base during their wars with Liguria. Under the Romans, the city enjoyed municipal rights and exported skins, wood, and honey. Faithful to Rome while other Ligurian and Celtic peoples of modern Northern Italy stood by Carthaginians in the Second Punic War, Genoa lost its importance as a Roman port city after the rise of Vada Sabatia, near Savona.

History - the Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, Genoa was an independent and powerful republic (one of the so-called Repubbliche Marinare, with Venice, Pisa, and Amalfi). Genoa was the most persistent rival of Venice, and like Venice its nominal republic was presided over by a doge (see Doges of Genoa). Genoa fought a series of wars with Venice starting in 1253, the last of which, the War of Chioggia (1378-81), Venice barely survived. The Siege of Chioggia marked the first strategic use of artillery in Italy, and perhaps, Europe.

Crusaders from Genoa brought home a green glass goblet long regarded in Genoa as the Holy Grail itself and thought to be emerald. The Republic of Genoa extended over modern Liguria and Piedmont. At various times Genoa had several colonies in the Mideast, in the Aegean and the Black Sea, whence the Black Death was imported into Europe from the Genoese trading post at Kaffa (Feodosiya) in the Crimea, in Sicily and Northern Africa. It also had for a time the island of Sardinia. and disputed Corsica with Corsicans and France until 1768. Famous Genoese families such as the Dorias had practically complete control of the Tyrrhenian Sea.

History - the Modern Age

The Republic became part of the French Empire until 1815, when the delegates at the Congress of Vienna sanctioned its incorporation into Piedmont (Kingdom of Sardinia). In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi set out from near Genoa (actually Quarto) with a thousand volunteers to unify Italy, which was at the time split in several kingdoms.

Province of Genova

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