Emilia Romagna Region, Italy
The Provinces of Emilia Romagna
The region is Italy's first producer of wheat, sugar-beet and fruit, second producer of barley and soy beans. Another important resource is the raising of pigs, cattle and poultry, with intensive and modern systems, at the basis of the production of world famous "prosciutto" and Parmesan cheese.
Where to stay
The Lombard invaders conquered only part of the region, more or less the area of Modena, Parma, Piacenza and Reggio, while Ravenna and Bologna stayed under the jurisdiction of the surviving Eastern Roman Empire, whose capital was Byzanthium. With the coming of the Franks the region was entrusted to the Pope, to be politically included in the State of the Church in the early 11th century.
When the municipal life started to rise again, in the late Middle Ages (13th - 14th centuries) such towns as Bologna, Piacenza, Modena and Reggio enjoyed a remarkable prosperity, also due to the strategic position of the region among the many Italian States of the time and to powerful families, such as the Farnese and Estensi. After being for centuries a constellation of Dukedoms and States, the region was finally united to the newborn Kingdom of Italy in 1860.