Landmarks in Basilicata
During the Middle Ages almost every town and hamlet had their castle, as a defense against invasions. Today what remains is mostly towers and ruins, though some isolated beautiful castles still remains in the region.
Military architecture in the region was also partly influenced advanced from Byzantine and Muslim styles: the castle of Pietrapertosa is similar to Wu'eira in Petra and the Uggiano fortress near Ferrandina to Kerak. Another important presence in medieval times was that of the military orders as the Templars, that erected fortresses to protect the pilgrims on their way to the Holy Land, that from France through the Via Francigena came to the Southern Italian ports of Brindisi and Bari. Potenza was an important stop along this route and the castle of Pietrapertosa (Pz) a strategic point.
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